Build Your Own Spirulina Production Farm- A Step by step Algae Cultivation Guide

Are you Looking to start a SCALE-ABLE SPIRULINA PRODUCTION ENVIRONMENT that relies on simple, low cost, and easy to use techniques? Then you've come to the right place!

Before we start...
​Some Basic Ground Rules about Growing Spirulina

Stereo Microscope with Smartphone Adaptor for Spirulina Growers

Gather your Lab Equipment

We recommend having some basic lab equipment to prepare your culture medium with and observe your culture daily.

Spirulina water heater- Aquatop-Aquarium-Glass-Submersible-Heater-300-Watt-0-0

Maintain a Steady Temperature

Ideal Temperature is around 32-37 degrees Celsius (or 89.6-98.6 Fahrenheit). If weather is too cold, use a water heater.

PH meter for testing Spirulina's Alkalinity

Always Keep the pH level around 10.3-10.5

Lower pH levels in your spirulina culture will attract invasive organisms; higher pH will cause over-salinity.

spirulina harvesting gear

Prepare Your Harvesting Gear

You'll be surprised by how quickly Spirulina reaches full capacity. Make sure you have a harvesting mesh and cloths ready in advance!

STEP 1: CONSTRUCT YOUR OPEN RACEWAY POND

First, find a spot for your raceway pond. Be sure to have plenty of sunshine and about 30% shade for the warmer days. To construct your raceway pond, dig an oblong shape, size between 10-300 meters long and 1-20 meters wide. Create ridges to divide your pond into parallel channels of about 1 meter wide each, and leave the edges open to allow water circulation, like in the image below. You can adjust the length of your pond according to how much space is available. The depth should be no more than 0.5 meters (or 1.64 feet). Be sure to install a drainage system so you can empty the pond in case something goes wrong.

quick guide to home grown spirulina

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  • There is no real substitute for a professional’s advice and consultation.
  • You are welcome to contact us and share your vision, and we will assist with cost estimation and important factors to consider.
spirulina open raceway pond liner PVC

STEP 2: LINE YOUR RACEWAY POND

You can choose whether to line your pond with concrete, clay, or a pond liner made of durable plastic like PVC. If you choose the latter, you can ask your PVC supplier to sew the pond liner according to your measurements, which will significantly reduce the chances of leakage. Either way, if you’re inexperienced with construction projects it is advised to hire a professional at this stage. 

Need assistance with constructing your raceway ponds?

Our pond construction experts will be happy to provide tips and advice, or come to your location and do it for you.

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STEP 3: INSTALL A PADDLE WHEEL AERATOR

Paddlewheel aerators are an excellent choice for medium and large ponds where movement of oxygenated water away from the aerator is most important. There are many paddle wheel aerator designs that can be purchased as an off-the-shelf solution, or be built DIY to address your specific requirements. You can connect a number of paddle wheels to one central motor and place them in parallel ponds for higher efficiency.

The motor-driven paddle wheel aerator should be backed into the water so that the axles are parallel to the water surface. The most effective way for this aerator to operate is when the paddles are turning at 108 rounds per minute (RPM), 21 inches deep. The paddles should turn toward the bank, forcing the water out into the open pond with a violent agitating action.

Spirulina production paddle-wheel-impeller

Get live Spirulina Culture

Browse through our live spirulina strains and get your own locally from a grower near you! 

the ultra quick guide to growing spirulina

STEP 4: FILL YOUR RACEWAY POND WITH WATER

  • Fill your pond with water from a clean source, preferably natural spring water, rainwater or melted snow.
  • Though not ideal, It’s actually OK to use tap water. Normally clean tap water will have trace minerals, as well as calcium which can be good for spirulina growth. You should however consider the levels of Chloride (<15), Fluoride (<20) and Hardness (<200) when calculating nutrient proportions.
  • If you choose to use tap water and you don’t want to change nutrient proportions, let the Chloride evaporate for about 12 hours before adding the culture medium.

Well Done, You’re Almost There!

Now that your raceway pond is filled with water, use our calculator to know your exact water volume. This will help determine the mineral proportions when preparing the culture medium.

step 5: CHOOSE YOUR PREFERRED CULTURE MEDIUM FORMULA

The culture medium is the nutrient mix on which your spirulina will feed in order to thrive and reproduce. It is well known that as a detoxifying agent, spirulina will consume whatever nutrients are available, including toxins and heavy metals. As spirulina doesn’t need organic materials for its reproduction, the debate over organic Vs. non-organic becomes irrelevant; and yet, you will come to learn that some minerals are better for your health than others. We therefore strongly advise you to use our Spirulina glossary and educate yourself about the different formulas available, so you can make a wise decision. 

Use Precise Culture Medium Recipes

Browse through our culture medium calculators to get accurate proportions every time!

STEP 6: ADD NUTRIENTS TO YOUR RACEWAY POND

Run the agitator to get the chemicals mixed up properly. This can either be done with a paddle wheel agitator or an air pump. Ideally, you’d have an electric timer to set the agitators on and off.

Add the nutrients according to the recommended proportions of your preferred culture medium.

The majority of formulas require 1 liter of mother culture for each 1000 liters of nutrients, after they were mixed in the water. When you’re done, run the agitator in cycles of 15 minutes every hour. Don’t add any other chemicals and continue to agitate for 10-12 days. On day 12, your pond should be concentrated with dark green spirulina, and ready for harvest.

Well Done, You’re Almost There!

To be on the safe side, remember to save some of your spirulina culture aside, just in case something goes wrong.

STEP 7: HARVEST YOUR FIRST BATCH OF Fresh SPIRULINA Biomass

On the 13th day, your culture medium should appear dark green, with a relatively thick texture. You can now perform your first Spirulina harvest.

Place a 30-50 microns nylon mesh above your growth tank and pass the liquids through it until a thick jelly-like paste is formed on the top. Use a water pump to make this process easier, and place a piece of fabric at the edge of your hose to collect unwanted particles like leaves or insects.

Rake the wet biomass to the center of the mesh, then place inside a harvesting close and squeeze out the excess water, keeping only the freshly harvested spirulina. Now wash your mesh in clean water and pour back to the pond to avoid wastage.  

Spirulina harvesting sieve- Spirulina Grow Kit- Spirulina farming kit

Always remember to weigh your harvest!

Knowing how much has been harvested keeps you in control of the compensation nutrients. It will also help you understand and improve your production capability. 

Sodium-Bi-Carbonate-NaHC03

STEP 8: FEED THE CULTURE AFTER EACH HARVEST

We determine the amount of nutrients added after the harvest according to the weight of the dried yield. If you don’t want to dry your Spirulina, this can be calculated in a ratio of 10% of the biomass weight. For example, if you harvest 1kg of fresh biomass, the dried weight will be 100 grams. Each feeding formula has slightly different proportions. Use our After Harvesting Feeding Calculators to determine which nutrients to add and in what proportions.   

Familiarize Yourself With the Professional Jargon

Fluctuations in pH and Temperature, floating clumps and excess residue are just a few common problems you may encounter. Take the time to read, learn and educate yourself so you’ll know what to do.

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